The District is reported to be one of the pretty spots on the earth, because of its congenial  climate, innumerable springs streams, water falls, fragrant flowers, delicious fruits and other natural sceneries. Besides Distt. Pulwama is famous all over the world for saffron cultivation which is mainly grown in Karewa lands of Pampore, Kakapora and Pulwama  Blocks.

            There are important shrines and temples in the District  to name a few Khankha Faizpaneh Tral built by Mir Syed Ali Hamdani, the great saint and scholar of Iran, besides the town Awantipora present the remnant of the buildings and sculptures of the time of the king of Awantivorman.  


District Pulwama is rightly called the “ANAND OF KASHMIR”  or “DUDHA-KUL” of Kashmir as the production of milk has gone beyond 118 thousand metric tons  per year and per capita availability of milk has been more than 500 ML/per day for 6.2 lac population of this district. The district is self sufficient in milk production and is exporting it to Srinagar city for  distribution for the entire valley. The daily export of milk is worth about 2.5 lacs. The white revolution has been brought about by genetic upgrading of low yielding local cattle  to high yielding   cross breeds. This has been possible by providing Artificial breeding facility at 120 centres throughout the district and with help of Frozen Semen technology, the level of cross breeding has exceeding 80% of the estimated 2.12 lac cattle population of the district. Every year about 30-40 thousand breed able cows are being inseminated with costly exotic germ plasm and 12-15 thousand new births of improved variety are added to our cattle population each year.

           The Milk Production is likely to get further boost by establishing a Liquid Nitrogen Plant at a cost of 110 lacs under district Plan during 2001-02. If marketing cover is provided, the Milk Production will touch greater heights in future and establishment of Milk Processing Plants in the district in private sector is a good omen.  

A View of the Milk Processing Factories at Pulwama

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         The Golden Condiment as commonly known is a legendary crop of J&K State. The cultivation is mainly concentrated to township of Pampore and adjoining areas occupying an area of 5,000 hectares which stands largest area under cultivation in the world feeding 8,647 farming families.

        The annual production of 155 Quintals is generating an income of Rs. 100- 200 crores at a conservation estate of Rs. 750/ per total(family).

This appears to be the second largest cultural activity after fruit production in J&K State. Further this the only state which is commercially increasing in area, production, productivity by way of  adopting modern technology intervention to make its quality more competitive for its export and infuse confidence and assurances among growers for security so that they work more vigorously towards Saffron cultivation.

Saffron is a legendary crop and is associated as an important component of our cultural rich heritage. The Kashmiri Vaids namely Veghbhata and Sushtra used saffron as an important ingredient in Auyervedic medicines. Saffron has a variety of uses as a natural colouring and flavouring agent besides a press able condiment with incredible medicinal and therapeutic value. The demand for pure and quality saffron at a globe level is in between 120- 130 tons in which India is contributing about 12 to 15 tons which mainly comes from J&K state. The world production is not only to meet the global demand because the cost of production in European countries is very high and the chances of its expansion are comparatively very low. Its only here in India with the tremendous human resources available has scope to promote and expand saffron cultivation to become global exporters in Global Market.

        Now once identified that competitive inflection point there is utmost need for planning to achieve this goal. This can only be achieving by increasing the area to enhance the productivity, improving past cultural practices with advanced technology know how including the handling and packing with utmost care. There has been losing trend in the total production attributed to severe drought during couple of years, therefore, horizontal expansion has to be taken up with proper scientific input with which the profitability under saffron cultivation can be achieved with the expectations.